Flag of Bangladesh

Flag of Bangladesh
Country Bangladesh
Population 172,954,319 (2023)
Area (Km²) 130,170
Сontinent Asia
Emoji 🇧🇩
  hex rgb
#F42A41 244, 42, 65
#006A4E 0, 106, 78

The national flag of Bangladesh is a red circle on a green background. The circle is offset to the left of the flag's center. The green color symbolizes the nature and youth of Bangladesh, the red color of the circle represents the rising sun and the blood of those who sacrificed themselves in the war for independence. 

Meaning of the colors of the Bangladesh flag

  • The dark green color symbolizes the green nature and youth of Bangladesh;
  • the red circle in the middle represents the rising sun, as well as the blood and sacrifices of the Bangladeshi people.

The history of the Bangladesh flag - from the flag of Bengal to its own

The design of the Bangladeshi flag was developed before independence. It was developed by activists and student leaders of the Swadhani Bangla Nucleus organization. On June 6, 1970, an initial draft of the flag was made in room 108 of the University of Dhaka. According to the decision made there, the flag design was approved with a yellow map of Bangladesh on a red sun, which, in turn, is placed on a green background. The map of Bangladesh on the flag had a special meaning. One of the most popular and widely used slogans of the time was: "Joy Bangla". In this case, the question remains, which Bengal are we talking about? East Bengal, West Bengal, or both? Then it was decided that the flag would depict a map of the then East Bengal (now Bangladesh). Interestingly, it was also decided that the map would not be needed if the country became independent, which later happened in the case of the flag designed by Patu Kamrul Hasan.

The history of the Bangladesh flag - from the flag of Bengal to its own

Kamrul took a cloth and sewed a red circle between a large piece of green cloth. The tailors were woken up at midnight and told about the work, they did not object at all, instead doing the work for free. Later, at the engineering university (now BUET), a map of East Pakistan was drawn on tracing paper. A student leader then drew the map inside the red circle of the flag using yellow paint. This was the first national flag of Bangladesh, which was first raised on March 2, 1971, over the Battala of Dhaka University.

After Bangladesh gained independence in 1972, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman commissioned Patu Kamrul Hasan to design and present a new flag. The flag without a map is the current flag of independent Bangladesh. In 1972, the Flag Rules of the People's Republic of Bangladesh were formulated. According to them, the size and character of the current national flag is as follows:

  • The flag shall be dark green in color and shall contain a red circle in the center of a green rectangle with a length to width ratio of 10:6.
  • The radius of the red circle is one-fifth of the flag's length. The center of the red circle should be the point of intersection of the vertical line drawn from nine-twentieths of the flag's length and the horizontal line drawn from the middle of the flag's width.

One of the reasons for the absence of the map of Bangladesh on the modern flag is the difficulty of properly sewing the map on both sides of the flag. The flag of Bangladesh was officially and fully adopted as the national flag of Bangladesh on January 17, 1972.

The national flag of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is one of the bearers of the glorious legend of independent Bangladesh. The transition of the flag from the former to the present state witnessed a bloody chapter. The sovereignty, glory, nationality and great sacrifice of Bangladesh are mixed in the red and green colors of the national flag.