Flag of Kazakhstan

Flag of Kazakhstan
Country Kazakhstan
Population 19,606,633 (2023)
Area (Km²) 2,699,700
Сontinent Asia
Emoji 🇰🇿
  hex rgb
#00AFCA 0, 175, 202
#FEC50C 254, 197, 12

The national flag of Kazakhstan was adopted in 1992 and designed by Shaken Niyazbekov. The flag consists of a sky blue color with the image of the sun in the center and a steppe eagle in flight below it. A vertical stripe with the national ornament runs along the flagpole. All of these symbols: the eagle, the ornament, the sun and the sun's rays are golden in color.

What is the meaning of the color and symbolism of the flag of Kazakhstan?

  • The blue color means honesty, loyalty and integrity. In the Turkic culture, the blue color has a deep symbolic meaning and reflects devotion to the Father Ancestor. The blue color of the National Flag of Kazakhstan stands for clear skies, peace and prosperity, and the background color itself indicates the unity of the country;
  • The sun with the grains depicted on its rays symbolizes wealth and energy, indicating Kazakhstan's commitment to universal values and telling about the country's energy and readiness to cooperate with all peoples of the world;
  • The steppe eagle is a symbol of power and strength, reflecting the strength of Kazakhstan, its independence and desire for great achievements. The image of the eagle is also associated with freedom, loyalty, dignity and courage; 
  • Kazakh ornamentation, which runs in a vertical stripe along the flagpole, expresses the national culture and art of Kazakhstan, representing a unique harmony of shapes and lines. 

These symbols of the flag emphasize the identity of Kazakhstan and its aspirations for the development of world civilization.

History of the flag of Kazakhstan

The evolution of the flag of Kazakhstan reflects the historical changes in the country. During the Soviet period from 1937 to 1953, flags with a hammer and sickle on a red background were adopted. Between 1953 and 1992, however, elements unique to Kazakhstan gradually emerged, such as the light blue stripe, which hints at post-Soviet national identity.

History of the flag of Kazakhstan. How did the Kazakh flag change?

In the 1990s, political events in the USSR destroyed the country's borders and opened the door to freedom. After the declaration of independence in 1991, the development of the state symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan began. In early 1992, a competition for the design of the flag was announced. It was attended by many representatives of the creative industry, talented artists, composers and performers. In total, there were 600 people and 1200 projects submitted from Kazakhstan, Tatarstan, Turkey, Germany and Mongolia. Among them were dark blue designs depicting a house and the moon, a blue bear and three stripes, and stars. The chosen version with a sky-blue background, golden sun, eagle and national ornament marked a radical shift from the previous designs. These changes symbolized Kazakhstan's independence and the search for a unique identity distinct from its past under the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. The current flag represents the traditions and sovereign ambitions of Kazakhstan. 

The national flag of independent Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. It was designed by the famous artist Shaken Niyazbekov.