Flag of Romania

Flag of Romania
Country Romania
Population 19,892,812 (2023)
Area (Km²) 230,170 (2023)
Сontinent Europe
Emoji 🇷🇴
  hex rgb
#002B7F 0, 43, 127
#FCD116 252, 209, 22
#CE1126 206, 17, 38

The Romanian flag was adopted in 1990 and consists of three vertical stripes of blue, yellow and red, respectively. The legend of the tricolor was born after the unification of the principalities of Moldova and Wallachia, when the colors of their flags were combined to reconcile the parties. In 1866, the Romanian Constitution stated that the colors of the united principalities would be blue, yellow and red, placed vertically in that order. The national flag was consecrated at the Metropolitan Cathedral in Timisoara with a military ceremony attended by soldiers, gendarmes, police, and children in Romanian national costumes.

What do the colors of the Romanian flag mean?

  • The red color symbolizes the blood shed on Romanian soil over the centuries. It calls for love for the nation and the country to be as fiery as the red color on the flag;
  • The yellow color expresses the greatness, prestige and virtues of the country;
  • The blue color stands for the serenity of the sky, the spirit and thinking of the Romanian people, faith and strength.

History of the Romanian flag

The Romanian flag, represented by blue, yellow and red colors, as for every country, is one of the most important symbols and has undergone various changes over the years as the government changed. Few people know that the origins of the Romanian flag date back to 1600, when Michael the Brave used these three colors in documents, on shields and on the lambrequins of coats of arms. Although initially not associated with national consciousness, these colors began to appear in paintings and on the sails of the flag of the uprising led by Tudor Vladimirescu.

History of the Romanian flag

The first official flag of Romania appeared in the 19th century, marking the unity of the country. It was designed by the revolutionary movement and adopted in 1848. The revolutionaries used the tricolor, placing blue at the top to symbolize the values of "Liberty, Justice, Fraternity" inspired by the French model. Since then, the Romanian flag has retained the same colors, with minor changes.

Alexandru Ioan Cusa (Prince of the United Principality of Moldova and Wallachia, the first monarch of united Romania) said:

"The flag... - is the family, the territory of every Romanian, the home where your parents were born and where your children will be born. The flag is a symbol of loyalty, faith, order and discipline, which personifies the army! The flag is the past, present and future of the country, the whole history of Romania!"

However, the appearance of the national flag changed during the communist period. According to the Romanian Constitution of 1866, Article 124, the colors of the united principalities were defined as "blue, yellow and red". The way and order of these colors was determined by the Assembly of Deputies at its meeting on March 26, 1867, and the Romanian coat of arms was placed in the center. The Communists made changes to the national flag, trying to distance themselves from the national tradition.

History of the Romanian flag

They replaced the country's coat of arms and added a new tricolor. However, the Romanian flag has not undergone significant changes in the country's history. It should be noted that the national flag of Romania is similar to the flag of Chad, except for the shades of blue.