Flag of Pakistan

Flag of Pakistan
Country Pakistan
Population 240,485,658 (2023)
Area (Km²) 770,880
Сontinent Asia
Emoji 🇵🇰
  hex rgb
#115740 17, 87, 64
#FFFFFF 255, 255, 255

The national flag of Pakistan consists of two colors: dark green and white. The green color occupies three parts of the flag, and the vertical white stripe occupies one part. A crescent moon and a five-pointed star are depicted right in the middle of the green area.

What do the symbols and colors of the Pakistani flag mean?

The national flag of Pakistan was adopted in 1947, and its design has symbolic meaning related to the country's history, religion, and aspirations:

  • The predominant green color on the flag symbolizes Islam, which is the main religion in Pakistan. The color green has historical significance in the Islamic tradition and symbolizes prosperity and vitality;
  • the white stripe running along the flagpole symbolizes religious minorities in Pakistan. This stripe reflects the founders' desire to create a country that respects and protects the rights of people of different religious backgrounds;
  • the white star and crescent symbolize Islam and are also common symbols associated with this religion. The five-pointed star symbolizes the five pillars of Islam. In the context of the flag, these elements additionally represent growth and light.

The overall design of the flag with a combination of green, white, star and crescent reflects Pakistan's commitment to being an Islamic state that values religious diversity and freedom of religion.

History of the flag of Pakistan

After the fall of the Mughal Empire, Muslims and Hindus were forced to live under the rule of British colonizers. Later, during the independence movement, Muslims were represented through a Muslim-majority party called the All India Muslim League. In 1906, the Muslim League's flag was designed, which was very similar to the current flag of Pakistan, except for the absence of a white stripe on the left. Precious lives were lost in the struggle for freedom, and finally Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947. 

The flag of Pakistan was designed and adapted three days before the official declaration of Pakistan, i.e. on August 11, 1947. After the British announced the partition of India, a committee was set up that included Quaid-e-Azam from Pakistan and Jawaharlal Nehru from India. During the discussions, it was proposed that, as in other colonies, one fifth of the flag should be reserved for the British flag, the Union Jack. Abdul Rab Nishtar asked that this proposal not be accepted, as the situation in Pakistan is different from the rest of the British colonies. They have a special relationship with the British flag, and Pakistan wants freedom from occupation, it has neither ethnic nor religious relations with them. Pakistan will be an Islamic country, and such a flag would remind us of slavery. In addition, the Pakistani people would not accept a flag that simultaneously depicts the Christian cross of St. George and the Islamic star and crescent moon. It was the unanimous opinion of all that decided to refuse to place the Union Jack on the flag. Since Pakistan is home to many minorities, if there are no separate flags or symbols to represent them, the white part should be kept to unite them. In this way, all minorities will be represented and the presence of the white color will be a manifestation of the policy of peace and harmony of an Islamic country. Thus, the flag of Pakistan, adopted on August 11, 1947, is a visual embodiment of the spirit of the nation and its desire for harmony and progress. Its design combines historical roots with a vision for the future, presenting a narrative that resonates deeply with the Pakistani people and has remained unchanged since its adoption.