Flag of Norway

Flag of Norway
Country Norway
Population 5,474,360 (2023)
Area (Km²) 365,268 (2023)
Сontinent Europe
Emoji 🇳🇴
  hex rgb
#BA0C2F 186, 12, 47
#FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
#00205B 0, 32, 91

The flag of Norway is a rectangular red cloth with a blue Scandinavian cross surrounded by a white outline. The people of Norway treat it with special warmth. This is rather connected with the mentality of the nation. Norwegians are known as very friendly and family-oriented people. They respect family values and traditions, honor the history of their country and people.

Meaning of the colors of the Norwegian flag

  • The red color symbolizes the country's struggle and independence, and expresses the strength and courage of the Norwegian people;
  • white color stands for honesty and integrity, and reflects ethical and moral values, which are an important aspect of Norwegian culture;
  • blue color in the form of a cross with a white outline symbolizes Norway's loyalty and connection to the Nordic region and other Scandinavian countries. This color adds depth, contrast, and commitment to the nation's principles and Scandinavian identity.

All three colors on the Norwegian flag represent the country's historical, cultural and national values.

The legend of the Norwegian flag

According to the legend, the idea of the flag itself arose long before independence. It is said that during the transition from Norway to Sweden, the idea of framing the white cross of the flag with blue lines arose. This idea did not immediately catch on, but it came in handy centuries later. This flag symbolized the equality of all EU countries, which at that time consisted of only Sweden and Norway.

The color scheme used in this flag is the most common. Most European flags are made in blue, white, and red. These colors indicate the country's common past with other Scandinavian countries. The creators of the flag sought to convey the idea that the country is now free and its citizens are independent.

The legend of the Norwegian flag

In the 19th century, the Norwegian flag looked somewhat different. It had a square shape, divided into two parts by diagonals, with upper and lower triangles in the style of the Norwegian flag and side triangles in the style of the Swedish flag. The Norwegians did not like this flag because of its lightness and even called it "herring salad". After Norway left the Union, this emblem was canceled. In 1905, the flag used by the modern state was adopted. Norwegians value it very much and try to show their love in every way possible. They hang the flag of their country in front of their homes, decorate their cars, jackets and hats with it.

The Norwegian flag as a sign of quality

The Norwegian flag is associated with the values of peace, equality, pure nature and quality. This flag has the same effect as the Swiss flag, which is used to promote quality products. Various studies show that consumers have positive associations when they see the Norwegian flag on product packaging. Even a comparison of two identical products, one with a flag and one without, shows that most buyers choose the product with the flag. This proves that emotions play an important role in the buying process. Thus, the use of the Norwegian flag in marketing can be beneficial in attracting consumers and creating a positive product image.

Using the Norwegian flag for marketing purposes can also have negative consequences. More and more manufacturers are now producing products with the Norwegian flag to attract consumers' attention, and often use images of Norwegian nature on packaging. However, because the use of the flag has become so widespread, it can lose its value and be ineffective. This may result from the fact that players with low-quality products may also use the flag. Nevertheless, the Norwegian flag is very attractive to consumers because of its colors, which symbolize quality and safety, and it has an emotional impact on consumers when they are in stores or other places.

The history of the Norwegian flag

At the end of February 1814, Norway designed its first flag, based on the Danish flag, but with the Norwegian national lion in the upper corner. This flag was intended to be both a state flag, for use in the navy and in fortresses, and a commercial flag, the so-called stutflag, used on merchant ships and by private individuals. However, due to the events of that year, the status of the flag soon changed. The summer of independence in 1814 ended in defeat, and the Moselle Convention was signed on August 14. An alliance with Sweden was inevitable.

The Norwegian "lion flag" could not remain the national flag in the context of the Norwegian-Swedish union. A Union flag was needed, so a decision was made in March 1815 on the proposal of the first Norwegian prime minister, Peder Anker. The flag of the Union was to be the Swedish flag with a diagonal cross of white and red colors. However, Norway retained the lion flag as a merchant flag in the so-called "near waters". This meant that merchant ships could use the flag north of Cape Finisterre on the northern coast of Spain.

The history of the Norwegian flag

South of the Bay of Biscay and in the Mediterranean, merchant ships were also required to fly the Union flag. This was partly to protect against the barbaric states of North Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Tripoli, which had coasts on the Mediterranean. Sailing in these areas depended on treaties signed between the states, where free hiring was paid for, and so-called "sea passes" were issued to confirm this. By using the naval flag, Norway and Norwegian ships did not have to pay for sea passes.

Eventually, many people felt that Norway should have its own flag. Several people developed their own proposals and sent them to the Storting (Norwegian parliament). Letters came in with proposals for a red, white, and blue flag, and some for a black and green flag.The Storting debated the proposals for a long time but did not come to an agreement. Opinions on the symbol were divided into two options: the flag should have a lion or a cross. The colors were preferred to be red and white. Red, because it is the main color of Norway, and white, because it has been used by Norwegian kings since ancient times. These are some of the proposed flag designs, of which there were 18 in total:

History of the Norwegian flag

But the red and white were too similar to the Danish flag, at least in Frederik Melzer's opinion. He also did not want to include a lion because it would be too difficult to draw it on the flag, as people used to draw flags by hand.
Friedrich Melzer proposed his own version: a red flag with a white and blue cross. Parliament liked this proposal, and it was elected by 40 votes out of 59, and later approved by King Carl Johan. Since 1821, the Norwegian flag has flown in red, white, and blue colors. This tricolor is called the "colors of freedom."